Types of Insulin - Rapid Acting - Short Acting Insulin - Intermediate Acting - Long Acting Insulin - Delivery Methods - Shots, Pens

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Types of Insulin

Types of Commercial Insulin Medication

There are several differing types of commercial insulin available for diabetes patients. These types of insulins vary according to (1) how long they take to reach the bloodstream and start reducing blood glucose levels; (2) how long the insulin operates at maximum strength; and (3) how long the insulin continues to have an effect on blood sugar.

Four Main Types of Insulin

There are 4 principal types of insulin, classified according to their effect and action. (1) Rapid Acting (2) Short-Acting (3) Intermediate-Acting (4) Long-Acting insulin.

Insulin Delivery

Diabetics have a choice of insulin-delivery systems. Insulin may be injected by syringe and needle, by insulin pen and cartridge, by a jet-injection device, or by external insulin pump.

Effects of Insulin

It's worth remembering that each individual diabetes patient responds differently to insulin, so the same type of insulin may affect different people in different ways. Moreover, which part of the body the insulin is injected into will also affect how the insulin affects the recipient. Insulin injected into the abdomen is absorbed most rapidly, followed by the arms or legs, followed by the butt. If the same insulin-injection site is used repeatedly, the insulin-absorption rate slows down.

Your doctor or diabetes counselor is the best person to advise you which type of insulin medication, and which injection method is likely to best suit your individual condition.

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